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教师与压力

2013-11-23 来源: 浏览:5211 发布自:南通教育网

所有的教师都知道教学是很有压力的工作,关键是要为自己安排好时间。劳累到筋疲力尽是许多新教师都面临的问题。降低你的压力,提高自己。以下就是可以降低你的教学工作压力的建议。

要紧的事情先做

如果你的课堂纪律和管理体系一团糟,那么你就会很有压力。克服这一点是成为没有压力的教师的第一步。

做到组织有序

除非你做到组织有序,否则就不能让教学很有效率。你的日常课程计划和需要搜集的所有材料都要在开学之前做好,最好在开学的前天晚上做好。这需要做很多工作,但是如果每天的教学都很顺利的话,这样做是很值得的。

尽快评分!

让学生上交一堆作业进行评分的教师就是自己找麻烦。

为一堆作业评分是一项艰苦的工作,以后也会与你相伴。如果有小测验或考试,教师们就要在有学生交试卷时就开始评分,哪怕只对试卷的第一页进行评分。这会给你一个很好的开端。这里有一个极易明白但常常被忽视的教学建议:把测试、考试和活动项目设计得容易评分,包括增加选择题。

教师应该在长假为学生准备更多的作业。也就是说,不要在周一的时候让学生做长达10页的作文。不要在周五给学生布置作业,只在学生上课的时候布置作业更好一些。如果批改作业对你来说是一项重负,你就非常需要改变一下方式。教师要让学生过度工作,但是学生不应该引起教师的过度工作。你的工作就要这样。

教师需要不上课的日子!

如标题所言,过周末时要尽可能地忘记学校。周末至少要有一天远离学校工作。你的大脑需要休息,你需要恢复精力。周末不要批改作业,周末批改作业就相当于每周上班7天,你会筋疲力尽的。不要在周末将工作带回家。

让上课时的每一次休息时间都变得有价值!

中学教师有补充早餐、午餐和普通计划时间。小学教师有课间和午餐时间。甚至放学后你还可以要求在学校待上一小会儿。让这些宝贵的时间发挥作用。做课程计划、组织、批改作业、打电话。是的,你迫不及待地在这些时间中什么事情都不做,只是休息,但是,问题是,学校是最好的工作场所。教师在学校工作比在家里工作更自由。如果你不喜欢在学校批改作业,当在家里看到有那么多工作要处理时会是什么感觉?不要利用这些时间为下一堂课做准备。上课的准备工作应该提前完成。到最后一分钟才慌慌张张地准备会给你带来很多压力。急忙冲到复印机那里就不好了,更何况,可能当你跑到复印机旁的时候,机器却不能工作呢。

教师需要睡眠

你可能睡眠不足,这就是为什么你要尽快组织和批改作业的原因。你批改作业越晚,大脑就越难以发挥作用。如果你在午夜做课堂计划或批改作业,你认为你能坚持多久?

早早到达学校

上课铃一响,你就需要做好充分的准备。我曾经看到铃响的时候很多教师还在复印机前排队,而且铃响后还在继续复印资料。我还曾看到有教师在铃响时开车到学校。你的效率能有多高?这不但对教学有害,对你的神经同样有害,除非你是无所作为的教师。我建议阅读关于如何让学生精力集中和如何成为伟大教师的文章。

每天都是新的一天!

教师应该努力忘记每天发生的小事情。每一天都是新的一天。你的课堂纪律应该是一个使你的压力尽量变小的体系。

教师不是万能的

无论你的工作多么组织有序,教学都是有压力的,关键是尽量寻找时间远离学校,做其它的事情。让校外的有意义的时间与在学校的时间一样多。作为一位教师,在校外尽可能忘却工作的事情。

 

英文原文:

Teaching Tips Teachers and Stress

All teachers know that teaching can be a stressful job. The key is to get organized and make time for yourself. Teacher burnout is a problem for many new teachers. Lower your stress level, and you will improve as a teacher as well. Below are a few tips to make your teaching job less stressful.

First things first.
You will have a very stressful career if your classroom discipline and management system is a shambles. Conquering these is the first step to being a stress-free teacher.


Get Organized.
You cannot teach effectively unless you are organized anyway. Your daily lessons plans should be done and all materials gathered before the school day. Preferably the night before. Yes this is a lot of work. But having a smooth teaching day is worth it.

Grade ASAP!
Teachers who let papers to grade pile up are asking for trouble.

Grading a pile of papers will look like an arduous task that will take it's toll on your body. And it will. When teachers give a quiz or exam, they should start grading them as soon as one student turns it in. Even if you only grade the first page of each paper. This will give you a good head start. Here's a no-brainer but often over looked teaching tip: Make your quizzes, exams, and projects as easy to grade as possible. This could include more multiple choice.

Teachers should collect longer assignments when longer breaks occur. That is, do not collect a 10 page report on Monday. Try not to give assessments on Fridays. Teachers who grade only on school days will be much better rested. If your grading is taking its toll on you, you seriously need to change the way you assess. Teachers should over-work the students. Students should never over-work the teacher. Your job is to make this happen.

Teachers need school-free days!
In conjunction with the above, you need to keep your weekends as school-free as possible. You need at least one of those days to do absolutely nothing as far as school work. Your brain needs a rest. You need to recharge. Avoid leaving your grading for the weekend. Teachers who do grading over the weekend are really working 7 days a week. You will burn out. Teachers should never bring home enough work to last the weekend.

Make every school day break count!
Secondary teachers have nutrition breaks, lunch breaks, and normally planning periods. Elementary teachers have recess and lunch. There is even the short time after school that you are required to be on campus. Make these precious minutes count. Plan. Organize. Grade. Make phone calls. Yes, you will have the urge to relax and do nothing. The problem is, school is the best place to work. Teachers who get stuff done at school are freer at home. If you don't feel like grading at school, how do you feel when you see all the things you need to do and you are home? DO NOT use these breaks to prepare for the next class. That should have already been done. Scrambling around at the last minute to figure out what you are teaching brings on a bundle of stress. Running to the copy machine is not good exercise. And it may not be working when you get there!

Teachers need sleep.
And you are probably not getting enough. This is why you need to be organized and grade ASAP. The later it is, the worse your brain functions. If you are planning or grading at midnight, how long do you think you will last?

Get to school early.
You need to be fully prepared as soon as the bell rings. I have seen teachers standing in line at the copier when the bell rings. And continue to copy. I have seen teachers drive up to campus as the bell rings. How effective of a teacher can you be? Not only is this bad teaching, it is bad for your nerves as well. Unless you are a do-nothing teacher. I urge you to read the articles here on engaging students and being a great teacher.

Every day is a new day!
Teachers should try and forget the small things that happen each day. Start each day renewed. Your classroom discipline should be a system that is as stress-free for you as possible.

Teachers, not all is possible.
No matter how organized you are there just things about teaching that are stressful. The key is to have as much time away from school to do other things. Make your time away from school count as much as your days in school. Your job as a teacher needs to be left outside your front door as much as possible.


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